Understanding the Causes and Aftermath of Turkey Earthquake

A massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake has struck Turkey and Syria, causing widespread destruction and panic. The quake was centered in Turkey’s southeastern province of Kahramanmaras and was felt as far away as Cairo. The US Geological Survey reports the quake hit at a depth of 18 kilometers and was a strike-slip quake, where two tectonic plates slid past each other horizontally. What is the maximum size of an earthquake that can occur on Earth?

The region has a history of earthquakes due to its location on the East Anatolian fault zone, a seismically active area. The earthquake struck near heavily populated areas, including Gaziantep, a major city in Turkey. The lack of a major quake in over a century, combined with the vulnerability of buildings in the region, resulted in widespread destruction and thousands of collapsed buildings.

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The Earth’s crust is made up of three layers – the crust, mantle, and core. The planet is divided into pieces called tectonic plates, which are bound together by friction. At times, the tension between these plates builds up and they can snap past each other, releasing a large amount of energy and causing earthquakes.

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Predicting when a fault line will become active is difficult, as researchers have warned. The only way to prepare for these quakes is to ensure that buildings are constructed to withstand seismic activity and to educate the public on what to do during an earthquake.

As the affected regions begin to recover and assess the damage, it is crucial to understand the causes of this earthquake and take steps to prevent future destruction.

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